Sunset Park. It is the largest historic district on the NRHP in the Northeast United States. Sunset Park is part of Brooklyn Community District 7.  The section between 40th and 51st Streets is operated by the New York City Economic Development Corporation (NYCEDC) as a garment manufacturing complex. This is higher than Sunset Park’s median household income for a four person household, which is at $80,174, according to Census Reporter.  The station was proposed for replacement in the late 2010s.  The ethnic diversity of the neighborhood is celebrated annually with the Parade of Flags down Fifth Avenue, which started in 1994. The first major ethnic group to immigrate to the area in the 1840s was the Irish.  Other residences in Sunset Park were single units or apartment buildings. Based on data from the 2010 United States Census, the population of Sunset Park was 126,381, a change of 7,919 (6.3%) from the 118,462 counted in 2000. , During the peak periods of construction in Sunset Park, hundreds of developers were involved with constructing row houses in the neighborhood; many were neighborhood residents or had offices in the area, and most were not formally trained as architects. To overcome this we have computed reasonable estimates of the same statistics that are presented for other the entity types. Nearly 50 percent of the neighborhood is Latino, according to census figures, and about 40 percent is Asian, including many … These features were removed in 1935–1936 when the current neoclassical/Art Deco style pool was built by Aymar Embury II during a Works Progress Administration project.  The park was so named because its elevated location provided views of the sunset to the west. :73 By the 1980s, other Latin American immigrants including Dominican, Ecuadorian, and Mexican Americans had started populating Sunset Park.  At the time, it was sparsely developed; there had only been one warehouse on the waterfront in 1890. , Sunset Park also has several smaller playgrounds:, NYC Parks also maintains a number of smaller park spaces, including triangles, pedestrian malls and strips, and areas with seating.  Green-Wood Cemetery contains 600,000 graves and 7,000 trees spread out over 478 acres (193 ha).  In The Power Broker, the 1974 biography of urban planner Robert Moses, author Robert Caro noted that elements of blight extended to the comparatively affluent, brownstone-dominated tracts between Fourth and Sixth Avenues by the 1960s. ", The Sunset Park Redevelopment Committee, founded in 1969 to help the expansion of Lutheran Medical Center, started reclaiming some of the blighted homes, though to little success at first.  Another is Our Lady of Perpetual Help, the largest church in Brooklyn, located on Fifth Avenue between 59th and 60th Streets. Chelsey Sanchez Apr 1, 2019.  Further development was hindered by the area's steep and irregular topography, which resulted in some lots being higher than the streets they were located on. , There are two solid waste transfer plants and a sanitation garage in Sunset Park. The Sunset Park neighborhood has gone through many ethnic changes and is a microcosm of many of the immigration waves that transformed the city of New York. ", Landmarks Preservation Commission (Sunset Park 50th Street) 2019, "Realty Market in a More Hopeful Condition", Landmarks Preservation Commission (Central Sunset Park) 2019, "Just One Of The Scandals; Outrageous Price Paid For Alderman Coffey's Park", "Brooklyn's Sunset Park; Where Magnificent Views Of Earth And Sea May Be Had", "Leveling Bay Ridge Hills; A Steam Shovel on a Movable Track Making New Flatland", "Future of South Brooklyn And Its Suburbs", "Parsons' Great Transit Plan for Brooklyn; New Tunnels, Subways and Elevated Lines", "Building of Fourth Ave. 2, U.S. Navy Fleet Supply Base, New York City Economic Development Corporation, New York City Department of Parks and Recreation, former 18th Police Precinct Station House and Stable, Landmarks Preservation Commission (Sunset Park South) 2019, "Beautiful Bay Ridge Still Show Place of Brooklyn", "The Rarely Told Story of the Real Bay Ridge Natives", "Farm line map of the city of Brooklyn, from official records and surveys; comp. , As of 2018[update], preterm births and births to teenage mothers are less common in Sunset Park than in other places citywide. , According to The Neighborhoods of Brooklyn, Sunset Park is bounded to the north by the Prospect Expressway and the Park Slope neighborhood, to the east by Ninth Avenue and the Borough Park neighborhood, to the south by 65th Street and the Bay Ridge neighborhood, and to the west by New York Harbor. :14, The concentration of fine particulate matter, the deadliest type of air pollutant, in Sunset Park is 0.0085 milligrams per cubic metre (8.5×10−9 oz/cu ft), higher than the citywide and boroughwide averages. In the study, examples of white-dominated areas near industrial and maritime economies included South Brooklyn (encompassing contemporary, The row houses evoked contemporaneous developments in, Sanitation garages serve sanitation districts, which correspond largely to, Copley, F. B. This trend coincided with widespread white flight to adjoining areas (including Bay Ridge, Staten Island, and inner suburbs in the New York metropolitan area) and the increasing prominence of the neighborhood's Puerto Rican community. (Oct. 1913). Sunset Park. Ethno-racial composition per year of the age cohort as a percentage of the total population.  The HOLC contended that the brownstones and the newly built Sunset Park Play Center were positive attributes of the neighborhood, but that the overall rating of the area was revised downward due to its industrial uses and the high numbers of Italian immigrants east of Seventh Avenue. , Sunset Park includes several architecturally prominent religious institutions. Living in Sunset Park offers residents an urban suburban mix feel and most residents rent their homes. , The Sunset Park branch of the Brooklyn Public Library is located at 5108 Fourth Avenue. While denoting the redlining-induced socioeconomic decline of the waterfront, it revealed that the uphill section was more affluent than other residential, white ethnic-dominated areas adjacent to the city's industrial and maritime economies. Ortiz. , Sunset Park has access to three limited-access highways: the I-278 (Gowanus) and NY 27 (Prospect) Expressways as well as the Belt Parkway. , Brooklyn became urbanized in the 19th century, with many people choosing to live in Brooklyn and commute to Manhattan, and residential development started spreading outward from Brooklyn Heights. The Belt Parkway only serves the southwestern corner of Sunset Park. Conversely, several churches have multi-ethnic congregations, including the Grace Baptist Church and Second Evangelical Free Church. , North of 39th Street and east of Fifth Avenue is Green-Wood Cemetery.  The core of the Hispanic population is west of Fifth Avenue, while the Chinese population straddles the area from Seventh Avenue eastward to Borough Park, one of Brooklyn's fastest-growing Chinatowns. , Sunset Park is divided into two neighborhood tabulation areas, Sunset Park West and Sunset Park East, which collectively comprise the population of Sunset Park. , Transit to South Brooklyn started with the 1846 establishment of a ferry service to the cemetery. … , However, due to collusion between the banking and real estate industries and actors in the Federal Housing Administration against the Puerto Rican community, hundreds of housing units were soon lost to abandonment. , Industry City, formerly Bush Terminal, is a complex of warehouses on the waterfront between 32nd and 51st Streets.  Author Tarry Hum stated that these residents' interest in Sunset Park row houses was "an important neighborhood amenity that … helped stem the area’s decline".  The bill was passed the next year with minor changes. :13 For every supermarket in Sunset Park, there are 45 bodegas.  The Finns brought with them the concept of cooperative housing, and the Alku and Alku Toinen apartment house at 816 43rd Street is said to be the first cooperative apartment building in New York City.  The 39th Street Ferry started traveling to the Whitehall Street ferry terminal in Manhattan in 1887, followed two years later by the opening of the Fifth Avenue elevated train line in the neighborhood.  Between 32nd and 41st Streets, a private consortium operates 6,000,000 square feet (560,000 m2) of commercial light manufacturing space.  The yard contains connections to two freight lines.  While these houses retained their polychrome facades and other Victorian-era design flourishes (akin to the "painted ladies" of San Francisco) as late as 1940, most have been clad in vinyl siding and Formstone for decades. In the interests of brevity and clarity we have combined several of the Census categories yielding the following mutually exclusive and collectively exhaustive categories: In all cases, racial and ethnic classification is based on self-identification. The BMT West End Line (D train) has a station at Ninth Avenue, while the BMT Sea Beach Line (N train) has a station at Eighth Avenue. The numeral within the circle is the total number of teachers (FTE). Sunset Park Elementary School located in Windermere, Florida - FL.  By 1895, the Brooklyn Daily Eagle noted, "Probably no ward in the city has been built up as rapidly as the Eighth Ward.  In May 2018, a temporary branch was opened at 4201 Fourth Avenue, between 42nd and 43rd Streets.  The United States Post Office operates the Sunset Station at 6102 Fifth Avenue, the Bay Ridge Station at 5501 Seventh Avenue, and the Bush Terminal Station at 900 Third Avenue. The population of Sunset Park currently stands at approximately 150,000 residents, about half Latino and 40 percent Chinese or other Asian. The BMT Fourth Avenue Line has stations at 36th Street (D, N, and R trains), 45th Street (R train), 53rd Street (R train), and 59th Street (N and R trains).  Several places of worship are composed according to ethnicity.  What would become Sunset Park was incorporated into the Eighth Ward of the city of Brooklyn, which at the time was the city's least populous ward. After New York abolished slavery in 1827, there were 55 African Americans living in the area. Percentage of foreign born population and primary language spoken in each zip code. The Canarsee Indians had several routes that crossed Brooklyn, including a path from Fulton Ferry along the East River that extended southward to Gowanus Creek, South Brooklyn (present-day Sunset Park), and Bay Ridge. Additionally, within the portion of Greenwood Heights that overlaps with Sunset Park, the entirety of Green-Wood Cemetery is a National Historic Landmark, and the Storehouse No. The areas east of Third Avenue, as well as a small area west of Third Avenue between 54th and 57th Streets, are zoned for low-rise residential buildings, including row houses and short apartment structures. Sunset Park has a high percentage of adults who have not completed high school (42%) and a low percentage of adults with college degrees (29%). , Growth of the neighborhood also came with the development of the South Brooklyn waterfront. The 65th Street Yard is located at the far south end of Sunset Park, and contains two car float bridges that can load freight rail cars onto car floats to New Jersey. Race and Hispanic origin in Sunset Park as a percentage of the total population, expressed as percentage point difference from New York. A small Finnish population, consisting of mostly families, also settled in Sunset Park in the late 1800s and early 1900s. Source: U.S. Census Bureau.  The most prolific developer was Thomas Bennett,[d] who lived in Sunset Park and designed at least 600 structures in the neighborhood. , Following the 1966 poverty area designation, the area from 36th Street to the Prospect Expressway was incorporated into Sunset Park.  In particular, Scandinavian immigrants were one of the largest ethnic groups in Sunset Park and Bay Ridge. This was followed by the provision of funding for water mains in October 1890, and a similar act for gas mains in 1892. Bush.  Following the establishment of the ferry, the Eighth Ward finally became a desirable place to live.  During the Dual System negotiations, the construction of an extension of the Fourth Avenue subway was recommended as part of the Dual System, which was approved in 1912. , The 2000s and 2010s brought new development to Sunset Park. As of the 2000 census the neighborhood had a population of 3,520. As the gentrification of South Brooklyn accelerated in the 2000s, this area was rebranded as Greenwood Heights, or as South Slope.  Though Sunset Park had a small Puerto Rican community centered around the maritime trades as early as the 1920s, it grew rapidly in the 1950s and 1960s when urban renewal projects in Manhattan pushed them away from longstanding enclaves in the Upper West Side, East Harlem and the Lower East Side.  These new residents started improving formerly decrepit properties in Sunset Park.  The four-lane Gowanus Parkway was replaced in the 1960s with a six-lane expressway of the same name to carry truck and car traffic to and from the Verrazzano-Narrows Bridge, which opened in 1964. support@__remove_this_part__statisticalatlas.com, Data from the US Census Bureau. We are an intergenerational, multi-racial, nationally-recognized, women of color led, grassroots organization that promotes sustainability and resiliency through community organizing, education, leadership development and cultural/artistic expression in Brooklyn, NY. , Sunset Park generally has a lower ratio of college-educated residents than the rest of the city as of 2018[update]. Finally, while these categories are used wherever possible, the data does not always allow this grouping, so it is important to read the footnotes of each chart to understand the definitions used therein. The 1970 census shows a dramatic uptick in Sunset Park residents of Puerto Rican, Mexican, Cuban, or other Latino stock as they rose to 27% of the neighborhood population.  In addition, EMS Station 40 is located at 5011 Seventh Avenue. Demographics. , Most of the initial housing stock was centered around Fourth and Fifth Avenues.  Due to the large number of residential developments being built in South Brooklyn, in 1893 the Brooklyn city government banned the erection of wood-framed structures between Fourth and Fifth Avenues south of 39th Street. [e] Nevertheless, because of the historical prominence of owner-occupied housing in the area prior to the widespread emergence of cooperative housing in apartment-oriented neighborhoods, Sunset Park's homeownership rate was at least as high as some of the city's wealthiest communities. We're an independent nonprofit that provides parents with in-depth school quality information.  Opened in 1840, it has been described as "Brooklyn's first public park by default" prior to Prospect Park's construction. For additional information about the data presented on this site, including our sources, please see the About Page.  As part of this process, it received its current moniker and boundaries. , Two power stations are located in Sunset Park near the waterfront.  South Brooklyn's development was also helped by the conversion of the Third Avenue stagecoach line to a steam-powered route. Buildings are going up with great rapidity—not singly or rarely so, but by blocks. , After Brooklyn was incorporated as a city in 1834, the Commissioners' Plan of 1839 was devised, a street plan that extended to South Brooklyn. These included the 676-seat PS/IS 746, as well as three as-yet-unnamed new schools at 36th Street/Fifth Avenue, 59th Street/Third Avenue, and 46th Street/Eighth Avenue. " The extension of the Fifth Avenue elevated opened to 65th Street on October 1, 1893. :10, There are several hospitals and medical clinics in the Sunset Park area, the largest of which is NYU Langone Hospital – Brooklyn. , Groundbreaking for the first section of the subway, between DeKalb Avenue and 43rd Street, took place in 1909.  Other NRHP listings include the Ninth Avenue station, the Alku and Alku Toinen buildings, and the Fourth Avenue Methodist Episcopal Church. Central Sunset Park Historic District, a set of over 140 two-family houses along 47th and 48th Streets between Fifth and Sixth Avenues. " A notable exception to this was the group of single-family homes in central Sunset Park, though these were also easy to build. POPULATION BY RACE AND ETHNICITY^ TOTAL POPULATION POPULATION 22% BY AGE BORN OUTSIDE THE US HAVE LIMITED ENGLISH PROFICIENCY 8,537,673 132,721 New York City Sunset Park T T AV T ARK T ON V Y Y Y 0.0 22.5 45.0 0.0 Population by race Black White Latino Asian Other PAGE 2 PAGE 8 PAGE 6 Population by age Born outside US Elementary School Abseentee The area also remained considerably poorer than adjacent districts with detached housing stock and the semi-suburban belt of south-central and southeastern Brooklyn neighborhoods primarily developed after consolidation. U.S. Census 2010 Sunset Park's 2020 Neighborhood Favorites The votes have been tallied and the winners are in. :24 (PDF p. 55):6 Additionally, 75% of high school students in Sunset Park graduate on time, equal to the citywide average of 75% of students.:6.  By 1909, there was significant development in the area surrounding the park, and the immediate surrounding area became known as "Sunset Park" as well. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 46.4% (58,654) of the population. , There are several public parks in Sunset Park, operated by the New York City Department of Parks and Recreation.  There is also a connection to a street-level railway on First Avenue that connects the Brooklyn Army Terminal, Bush Terminal/Industry City, and the subway's 36th Street Yard via the South Brooklyn Railway. These roads would be used during the American Revolutionary War in the Battle of Long Island.  The conversion occurred in spite of several opponents, who argued that steam engines would spook horses. " Though their facades were analogous to the less expensive tier of one-family row houses elsewhere in Brooklyn,[f] most of these structures were in fact built as two-family residences.  In the New York State Assembly, Sunset Park is in the 49th and 51st districts, represented respectively by Democrats Peter J. Abbate Jr. and Félix W.  In addition, Chinese immigrants settled in the area in large numbers. :46 While many of these places of worship are Roman Catholic or Pentecostal churches, there are also several mosques. The ratio of college-aged and elderly residents was lower, both at 9%. These were constructed by the Waldron Brothers in 1897–1898.  These ratings were, on the most part, unscientific and motivated by racial and ethnic discrimination.  The area comprising modern Sunset Park was divided between two Dutch towns: Brooklyn to the northwest and New Utrecht to the southeast, divided by a boundary that ran diagonally from Seventh Avenue/60th Street to Ninth Avenue/37th Street.  In 1916, Finntown became the site of the first non-profit housing cooperative in the United States when the Finnish Home Building Association built two cooperative houses, named Alku and Alku Toinen (translated respectively to "Beginning" and "Beginning Second"), at 816 and 826 43rd Street. However, brownstone rows exist as far north as 420-424 36th Street and as far east as 662 56th Street, while several bayed brick rows (notably exemplified by 240-260 45th Street) are situated south of Fourth Avenue, where wood frame and frame-brick houses dating from the earliest development in the area remain prevalent.  Bush Terminal Piers Park opened in November 2014. Thank You, Finland", "As We Mark Our 10th Year 52 St. Army Terminal Observes 44th Anniversary", "Navy Yard, Fort Jay and Army Terminal Played Major Roles in Nation's History", "Welcome to 1940s New York: NYC neighborhood profiles from 1943, based on the 1940 Census", "500 in Bay Ridge Protest Belt Link at 5th Ave. 'L' Rites", "New Bridge and Roads Will Save Time, Trouble and Tolls", "Fourth Avenue | Historic Districts Council's Six to Celebrate", "Taps Bids a Sad Farewell to an Army Terminal", "Syndicate Buys Bush Terminal; 22 Million Is Paid for Huge Brooklyn Industrial Area", "Bush Terminal Shouldn't Be A Success But It Is", "Real Estate; Brooklyn Terminal Leases Set", "Brooklyn's Sunset Park, built and rebuilt by immigrants, sees change once again", "In Sunset Park, a Call for 'Innovation' Leads to Fears of Gentrification", "Developers unveil $1B Brooklyn hipster mega-project", "Brooklyn's Industry City To Get $1 Billion Modernization", "Bush Terminal tenants decry possible displacement under Made In NY", "Changes looming: City will lease Bush Terminal to clothing-makers", Table PL-P5 NTA: Total Population and Persons Per Acre – New York City Neighborhood Tabulation Areas*, 2010, Table PL-P3A NTA: Total Population by Mutually Exclusive Race and Hispanic Origin – New York City Neighborhood Tabulation Areas*, 2010, "Sunset Park (Including Sunset Park and Windsor Terrace)", "2016-2018 Community Health Assessment and Community Health Improvement Plan: Take Care New York 2020", New York City Department of Health and Mental Hygiene, "New Yorkers are living longer, happier and healthier lives", "NYC-Brooklyn Community District 7--Sunset Park & Windsor Terrace PUMA, NY", "Ever Hear of Little Finland in America?  Reflecting a longstanding builder-oriented business culture in Brooklyn, these developers often reused building designs that were easy to erect and advertise. 506: The School of Journalism & Technology", "School of Math, Science, and Healthy Living", "Groundbreaking on a New School In Sunset Park (District 20)", "Sunset Park castle-to-school conversion will retain the building's Romanesque charm", "Sunset Park library's affordable housing addition gets City Council approval", "Temporary home: Sunset Park's interim library opens doors to patrons", "For Gleason, a Suite and, Maybe, a Bus Depot", "Rail Yard Reopens as City's Freight Trains Rumble Into Wider Use", "A Nation Challenged: The Brooklyn Ferry; On a Free Boat Ride, 'It Hurts to Even Look, "Free Brooklyn-Manhattan Ferry to End Soon", "A Commute From Rockaway, Now With a Harbor View", "Citywide Ferry Service Study: Chapter 1: Project Description", "Rockaway ferry service only funded through October", "Rockaway Ferry Service Stopping for Good This Fall Despite Activist Efforts", "NYC launches ferry service with Queens, East River routes", "NYC Ferry's a No-Go at the Staten Island Ferry Terminal", "Firehouse, Engine Company 28 (now Engine Company 228)", "Historic Structures Report: Sunset Park Historic District", "New Connections/New Opportunities Sunset Park 197-A Plan", New York City Department of City Planning, "Sunset Park 50th Street Historic District", Sunset Park Business Improvement District, History of the National Register of Historic Places, National Historic Preservation Act of 1966, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Sunset_Park,_Brooklyn&oldid=991110252, Renaissance Revival architecture in New York City, Romanesque Revival architecture in New York City, Historic districts on the National Register of Historic Places in Brooklyn, New York City designated historic districts, New York City Designated Landmarks in Brooklyn, Articles using NRISref without a reference number, Pages using New York City Subway service templates, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2018, All articles containing potentially dated statements, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2010, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2017, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Dr. Maurice T. Lewis House, designed by R. Thomas Short of the prominent Manhattan architectural firm, The 228th Engine Company fire station, a two-story Romanesque Revival building built for the, Several individual portions of Green-Wood Cemetery are city landmarks, including the main gate at 25th Street, Sunset Park South Historic District, a set of over 280 two-story-and-basement row houses along 54th through 59th Streets between Fourth and Fifth Avenues, constructed between 1892 and 1906. Elevated to Third Avenue stagecoach line to a steam-powered route in downtown Wilmington interest in Sunset! To claims of `` de-gentrification '' while the Prospect Expressway runs to Queens and the Bronx neighborhood 's main was... Were extremely crowded, often housing ten or more people across both.. Beautifully restored to give this neighborhood a uniquely historic feel with tons of character do not serve a recreational.., U.S. Navy Fleet Supply Base and the winners are in several architectural,! 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